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Tuesday, July 24, 2012

Urdu Poetry Shayeri and Humour Ishrat Hussain, arabic numbers, numerals, adad, secret numbers, urdu, arabi, farsi, persian numbers, forgotten numbers, abandonned numbers, absolate urdu numbers

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The Urdu Language is one of the best languages of the world, moreover it is very easy compared to all other languages and it has the best poetry in the world comparable to non of the other language and it is a matter of proud that this language is written in arabic script, the arabic script is world's uniquest of scripts, I am proud of all these. Engg. Ishrat Hussain Mohammad, dubai. U.A.E.

www.libertyhijacked.blogspot.com

www.allah111.blogspot.com

old urdu numbers, urdu numerals,

urdu numerals,

abandoned urdu numbers

matrook, matruk urdu numbers

adad, arabic adad, farsi adad, urdu adad, persian adad.

old adad, old numbers.

strange numbers.
numbers in words.

shortform numbers in urdu,arabic,persian, farsi

short form numbers.

short hand numbers

shorthand numbers.

siyaq numbers, siyaq numerals,

diwani numbers, raqm, turki

arabic numbers, numerals, adad, secret numbers, urdu, arabi, farsi, persian numbers, forgotten numbers, abandonned numbers, absolate urdu numbers
old documents, old numbers, old persian numbers, old arabic numbers, old urdu numbers, classic persian numbers, classic urdu arabic numbers, numerals.

I found these numbers, I had a list of these numbers when I was in school, that list has 1to 1000 numbers


I had forgotten them, but now I am trying to reconstruct from my memory, if I am wrong please correct me,


for more old urdu books, please click.

http://www.wdl.org/en/search/?languages=urd


Siyaq numbers, raqm, old diwani numbers


I am the first person to put these numerals on any urdu blog





Ancient Persian Numeral System which was known as Siyaq in the Islamic period, was used until the end of Qajar period, 1925 AD, in Iran for all governmental accounting and financial reporting (Divani), of course it was also used in the Ottoman and Mughal empires and Turkic, Arabic and Indian forms were a little different from the original Persian form, maybe because they could be distinguished from one another.

As I mentioned in this thread: Ancient Banking System, "Cheque" comes from Persian "Chek" -> http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cheque and Persians wrote Cheques from the ancient times but they didn't use Indian numerals, like 132000000, and as I mentioned Indians themselves didn't write numbers in this form for accounting, because these numbers could be easily changed, like 1320000000 (I just added one zero), or could be read erroneously.

It is clear that Indian numerals are easier for arithmetic calculations but calculators do them for us, don't you think that there should be a better numeral system for writing numbers, like the Ancient Persian Numerals:

These numerals are not used in the modern times but it doesn't seem to be difficult to write them, the important thing is that it is written from the right to the left but read from left to right (for example look at 99 = 90 + 9), so it can be very easy to write these numbers in the Middle Persian, Arabic, Hebrew and other scripts which are written from right to left.

Siyaq old method of calculation

خط سیاق نوعی از خط و روشی در حسابداری قدیم است که با آن اهل دفتر و دیوان، اعداد، مقادیر و اوزان را ثبت و ضبط می‌کردند. تا پایان دورهٔ قاجار کلیهٔ امور محاسبات دولتی و شخصی با اعداد سیاق نوشته می‌شد و مردم عادی به‌خصوص کسبه با سواد تا حدود بیست سی سال پیش نیز محاسباتشان را با اعداد سیاق ثبت می‌کردند. کاتبان این خط برای اعداد و کلمات اختصاری علائمی خاص داشتند که خواندن آن برای دیگران مشکل بود.
خط سیاق معادلهایی هم در فرهنگهای دیگر دارد که آنها نیز عملاً منسوخ شده‌اند. گونه‌هایی از این خط در جهان عرب معروف به خط «دیوانی»، جنوب آسیا هند، پاکستان و بنگلادش معروف به خط «رقم»، و امپراتوری عثمانی معروف به «سیاقات» استفاده می‌شده است.

نام این خط به احتمال زیاد از کلمه ترکی سایاق به معنی «تعداد - شمارش» از فعل سايماق (شمردن) گرفته شده است.

اين خط را كه امروزه نيز در ميان بعضي از بازاريان قديمى رواج دارد، از بقاياى خط و الفباى قديم تركان اويغورى شمرده اند. اعداد در اين خط با دو واحد قران (از لقب فتحعلی شاه قاجار٬ صاحب قران) و تومان (كلمه­ای تركی به معنی ده هزار) حساب می­شوند و با آن مى­توان تا رقم ٩٩٩٩٩٩٩ را نشان داد.
برخي خط سياق فوق الذكر را ايجاد شده از خط سياق يا سياقت رايج در ممالك اسلامي شمرده اند.
ּ انواع خطوط اصلي موجود در آثار و كتب خطي رايج در ممالك اسلامي در تمدن اسلامي عبارتند از: كوفی، نسخ، ثلث، محقق، ريحان، رقاع، توقيع، تعليق، نستعليق، شكسته نستعليق و سياق.

در بخش بزرگی از اسناد تاريخی و مكاتبات حکومتهای قراقويونلو٬ آق قويونلو٬ صفوی٬ افشار و قاجار از خط سياق استفاده شده است.

تصویر سياههٔ عروسی (لالجین حدود سال۱۳۴۰)  كه در آن، اعداد و ارقام اجناس به خط سياق نوشته شده.

 



forgotten numbers, old arabic, old persian, old farsi, old turkish, old urdu numbers and numerals











































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The Urdu Language is one of the best languages of the world, moreover it is very easy compared to all other languages and it has the best poetry in the world comparable to non of the other language and it is a matter of proud that this language is written in arabic script, the arabic script is world's uniquest of scripts, I am proud of all these. Engg. Ishrat Hussain Mohammad, dubai. U.A.E.


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